dog shape, with rounded body; thick, tapered tube-shaped tail; small head with large, protruding teeth; small, upright pointed ears; light orange, dark orange and white pigment designs

Vessel, c. 1500

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Clay, pigmentsexpand_more

The William Hood Dunwoody Fundexpand_more  2004.33

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The prominent colored swirls and eye motifs mark this animal as an Underwater Panther, one of the primary beings in the ancient Mississippian belief system and that of their descendants. The swirling pattern on its sides signifies water, while the eye markings allude to the animal's unusually keen vision. Red and white were symbolically significant colors that represented fundamental oppositions such as peace and war, light and dark and the on-going struggle between the celestial and subterranean realms. Underwater Panthers belonged to the subterranean and possessed great supernatural power. Their significance led Mississippian and subsequent artists to depict them frequently in many forms and media, including three-dimensional sculptures like this vessel.

Details
Title
Vessel
Role
Artist
Accession Number
2004.33
Curator Approved

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dog shape, with rounded body; thick, tapered tube-shaped tail; small head with large, protruding teeth; small, upright pointed ears; light orange, dark orange and white pigment designs