Ethnographic Map of the Indian Tribes of the United States, A.D. 1600, 1849-1855

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This map of Native languages is based on one by Albert Gallatin (1761-1849), a geographer and diplomat who was the first to classify these linguistic boundaries, in 1826. The vivid colors (Minnesota is pink) are especially well preserved. Map-making had always been Seth Eastman’s love. He even wrote a textbook on topographical drawing used at West Point, his alma mater.

This watercolor, one of 35 works on paper by Eastman in Mia’s collection, was the basis for an illustration in Henry Rowe Schoolcraft’s massive "Historical and Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition, and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States" (Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1851-57).

Ethnographic Map of the Indian Tribes of the United States, A.D. 1600
Artist Life
Accession Number
James J. Hill (St. Paul, 1838-1916); his estate; James Jerome Hill Reference Library St. Paul (by 1921-1994; sold October, to MacMillan); W. Duncan MacMillan, Wayzata (1994-d. 2006); the W. Duncan and Nivin MacMillan Foundation (2006-2014; given to MIA)
Catalogue Raisonne
Seth Eastman: A Portfolio of North American Indians 1
Curator Approved

This record has been reviewed by our curatorial staff but may be incomplete. These records are frequently revised and enhanced. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

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