Design for a stained glass window; once thought to be by Dante Gabriel Rosetti
from a series of The Elements

Fire, from the series The Four Elements, c. 1888-89

Not on Viewexpand_more

The attribution of this impressive stained glass design, along with its three companion drawings in Mia's collection (10.1, 10.2, 10.4), has been a century-old puzzle. The large-scale cartoons, representing the four elements, were acquired in 1910 as the work of the famous British Pre-Raphaelite painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882). This attribution was based on the spurious monogram "D.G.R" inscribed at the lower edge of each of the drawings. Over the years, other artists' names have been proposed—Frederic James Shields (1833-1911), Henry Holiday (1839-1927)—but no consensus among experts was found.

In December 2015, exactly 105 years after the drawings were given to the museum, the identity of the artist was recovered. The cartoons are the work of the British artist Frederick G. Smith. Peter Cormack, the noted scholar of British and American stained glass, tracked down Smith and also identified the project for which they were produced, the grand staircase at Avery Hill, in southeast London. Smith was a partner of the London firm Campbell, Smith, & Co., and he likely executed these cartoons between 1888 or 1889 when the house was being reconstructed by Colonel John T. North. The stained glass was completed by 1890, but Avery Hill was badly damaged during World War II. In 1982 the museum acquired a stained glass panel directly related to the series, representing the allegory of Water (81.92). The provenance is not known. The glass is roughly half the size of the drawing. It may have come from Avery Hill, or perhaps Campbell, Smith & Co. executed multiple versions of Smith's designs.

Fire, from the series The Four Elements
Artist Life
1833 - 1911
Accession Number
Curator Approved

This record has been reviewed by our curatorial staff but may be incomplete. These records are frequently revised and enhanced. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

Does something look wrong with this image? Let us know

Design for a stained glass window; once thought to be by Dante Gabriel Rosetti
from a series of The Elements