3 full and one partial line of calligraphy, with 4 seals

Calligraphy in Running Grass Script, c. 1550


Ink on satinexpand_more

Gift of Ruth and Bruce Daytonexpand_more  2000.36.13

Not on Viewexpand_more

Fang Yuan-huan from Shantung province passed the provincial (second-level) examinations in 1534. This exuberant and somewhat wild hsing-tsao (running grass) inscription quotes from a neo-Confucian, neo-Taoist commentary by the Sung philosopher Chu Hsi (1130-1200) and Chu's friend, Lü Tsu-ch'ien (1151-1181), on the practical application of moral values. It reads:

Master Hui-an (Chu Hsi) said that a man must keep kindness and gentility as his principle; bravery and firmness should not be lacking from his virtues, but must only be applied when appropriate. Master Lü (Lü Tsu-ch'ien) asked why if a scholar-official were learned and knowledgeable, he still could not use his Tao to educate and influence (people) far and near' It must be because he is unable to touch the solid ground (i.e., his knowledge is too theoretical to be practical).

Calligraphy in Running Grass Script
Artist Life
active 16th century
Accession Number
Curator Approved

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3 full and one partial line of calligraphy, with 4 seals