Yu and pine woods, stone, earthenware tiles, pigments, mortarexpand_more
Gift of Ruth and Bruce Daytonexpand_more 2017.98
This imposing gate once formed the entrance to the main courtyard of an urban middle-class family compound. The four-character panel over the doorway reads, Humility Brings Prosperity (Lüqian Jianfeng 履謙漸豐). The gate demonstrates the hallmarks of traditional Chinese architecture: a post-and-lintel structure that supports a graceful gable roof and intricate rafters, as well as brackets that extend the eaves and provide decoration. Like other works of traditional Chinese architecture, no glue or nails were used, and the gate was assembled using only joinery and wooden pins. The gate comes from Shanxi province, which, because of its dry climate, contains the largest concentration of surviving historic wooden structures in China. An inscription on the main beam dates the gate to 1858, during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912).
Because of fire, degradation caused by insects, and exposure to the elements, well-preserved examples of Chinese wooden architecture are rare. Through the generous support of Ruth and Bruce Dayton, Mia has over the years purchased and installed several notable examples, including a Ming dynasty reception hall and a Qing dynasty scholar’s study, as well as a stone gate, all from southern China. The Humility Brings Prosperity gate, with its distinctive northern style, complements Mia’s existing examples.