seaside village at L, with white buildings, ships, and reeds at LL; sailboat with human figures at LLQ; low, rocky shore, buildings on stilts, and moored boats in middle ground at L; low mountains and a bay with boats in middle distance; at LR, an old lady in white ascends mountain trail at base; towering rock walls at either side of cliff, gnarled pine tree at L of cliff; small structure at center of mountain trail; second large cliff has temple complex at top; large, shadowy mountain continues upward at R

Landscape of Summer and Autumn, from a triptych of Bodhidharma and Landscapes of the Four Seaons, 1620s

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At the center of this triptych of hanging scrolls is a portrait of Bodhidharma, known as Daruma in Japan, the Indian patriarch of Zen Buddhism credited with transmitting Zen from India to China in ancient times. At right and left are images of China—dramatic mountainscapes with Buddhist temples and gnarled old pine trees perched on the peaks, along with motifs representing all four seasons. The bold contour lines, solid shape of the mountains, and shallow representation of space are characteristic of Unkoku Tōeki, whose style was informed by the paintings of the revered medieval painter Sesshū Tōyō (1420–1520).

Details
Title
Landscape of Summer and Autumn, from a triptych of Bodhidharma and Landscapes of the Four Seaons
Artist Life
1591 - 1644
Role
Artist
Accession Number
2013.29.793.3
Curator Approved

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seaside village at L, with white buildings, ships, and reeds at LL; sailboat with human figures at LLQ; low, rocky shore, buildings on stilts, and moored boats in middle ground at L; low mountains and a bay with boats in middle distance; at LR, an old lady in white ascends mountain trail at base; towering rock walls at either side of cliff, gnarled pine tree at L of cliff; small structure at center of mountain trail; second large cliff has temple complex at top; large, shadowy mountain continues upward at R